The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan is a constitutional monarchy with representative government.
Modern Jordan was founded by King Abdullah I after World War I. It was ruled by his grandson, the late King Hussein, for 46 years until his death in 1999, when his son, King Abdullah II, assumed the throne.Jordan has grown into a modern nation that has enjoyed a remarkable measure of peace, stability and economic growth in recent decades.
Jordan has been blessed with a unique cultural and natural heritage that spans millennia and rarely seen anywhere else in the world, hence aJordanholiday can be an eye opener in more ways than one.
Jordanis one of the most open, friendly and welcoming nations in theMiddle Eastand is therefore a fine example to other states in the region of how to move forward while keeping the ancient traditions.
The best time to visitJordanis between the summer and winter season in spring or autumn when the sun is no longer baking hot. Winters can be very cold in most parts of the country but Aqaba and theRed Seaarea are still quite nice at this time of year.
Sprinkle in Jordan's tempting cuisine, great walking and canyoning, easily traversable distances and smiling people, and you've got the recipe for the perfect Middle East mezze.
Petra, the world wonder, is without a doubtJordan’s most valuable treasure and greatest tourist attraction.
One of the most fascinating candidates on the UNESCO World Heritage List, the ancient city of Petra captures the curiosity of thousands of visitors every day.
Jordan’s incomparable city in stone is a mute monument to the powerful civilization that blossomed 2,000 years ago in this remote desert locale surrounded by rocky mountains, gorges, and cliffs. The Nabataean capital was also a remarkable feat of urban planning. Some 30,000 people once lived in this dry desert location, quenching their thirsts by a channel-and-cistern system that harvested and stored winter rains for future use.
Dead Sea– also called the Salt sea, Nature's living miracle, a place to rejuvenate and restore both body and soul
This highly therapeutic salt water attracts thousands of visitors from around the world each year.
Many of them just come for the fun of floating at the lowest point of the Earth but there are a lot of people who seek and find cures for their health problems.
Red Sea Coral Reefs at Aqaba
Aqaba is a fun place. It is a microcosm of all the good thingsJordanhas to offer, including a fascinating history with some outstanding sites, excellent hotels and activities, superb visitor facilities, good shopping, and welcoming, friendly people, who enjoy nothing more than making sure their visitors have a good time.
Jordan's only port Aqaba lies on the northern tip of the Red Sea. The waters of the Red Sea are crystal clear and have an abundant marine life. The Red Sea is home to more than 140 species of coral and countless species of brightly colored fish.
And if you are lucky you may also experience close encounters with friendly sea animals like turtles and dolphins.
Jerash is one of the most beautiful and best-preserved Roman cities in theMiddle East. Ancient Gerasa came to prominence during Hellenistic times, but her golden age was in the 2nd and 3rd centuries A.D; a time when the city was graced by a visit from the emperor Hadrian. The modern visitor will find complete theatres, extensive wheel rutted colonnaded streets, an enormous Triumphal Arch, and a Hippodrome where Roman Army, Gladiatorial, and Chariot Racing re-enactments take place.
A vast area of scenic, uninterrupted desert, Wadi Rum, is found in the south ofJordan. The landscape is filled with huge granite and sandstone mountains, and deep orange sand; elements which combined, create truly spectacular views.
The Madaba Map
The modern Arabvillage of Medeba (Madaba) is built on the ruins of biblical Medeba. During construction of the Church of St. George, the beautiful "Madaba Map" was found. This map was originally part of the floor of a Byzantine church, built during the reign of emperor Justinian, AD 527-565. It is the oldest map of the Holy Landthat is still extant. Five other Byzantine churches have been discovered in Madaba, all with nice mosaics. This has led to Madaba’s designation as "the city of mosaics." Madaba is 20 miles (32 km) south ofJordan's capital city ofAmman.
Dana Biosphere Reserve
Dana Biosphere Reserve, which covers 300km of land, making it the largest reserve inJordan. Dana is an area of tremendous variety in terms of wildlife, geology and landscape. It is the only reserve inJordanthat encompasses the four different bio-geographical zones of the country:Mediterranean, Irano-Turanian, Saharo-Arabian and Sudanian. Elevations range from 1500m on the plateau near Quadesiyya to near sea level amidst the dunes of Wadi Araba.
there are more waterfalls with warm mineral water, it is a wonderful place. The main public attraction is a large spring-fed waterfall, while a number of smaller ones spurt forth within the private resort area (08-545-500). Shower facilities and a swimming pool are also available for public use.
Amman, the capital ofJordan, is a fascinating city of contrasts – a unique blend of old and new, ideally situated on a hilly area between the desert and the fertileJordanValley. In the commercial heart of the city, ultra-modern buildings, hotels, smart restaurants, art galleries and boutiques rub shoulders comfortably with traditional coffee shops and tiny artisans' work shops. Everywhere there is evidence of the city’s much older past.
Amman picture,Jordan's cosmopolitan capital, contains the Roman theater, in addition to several museums, where one may find remains of the Dead Sea Scrolls.Ammanis one of the world's oldest cities however the city is surprisingly modern and very prosperous.
Just west of Jerash thecastleofAjlunis another highlight of northernJordan. The Qalat er-Rabad, as the Ajlun Castleis locally knwon, was the base of the Arab forces of Saladin, when he defeated the Crusaders in the 12th century. The Ajlun mountains are famous for their lush vegetation and thick green forests and a good place for hikes.
Qusayr (little palace) Amra, a harmonious stone building in Wadi Butm, named after the wild pistachios (butm) growing here. Inside are vivid frescos, some still in fair condition despite centuries of neglect, Bedouin fires and graffiti.
Unless you are inJordanfor more than a week and/or have your own transport, I suggest you put this on the list of sites to visit "when you have more time".
Population: 6.5 million
Language: Arabic is the national language. English however is widely understood and spoken
Currency: Jordanian dinar (JOD)
Religion: Islam (Sunni) 92%, Christian 6% (mostly Greek Orthodox), other 2%
Climate: mostly arid desert; rainy season in west (November to April)